An approximation to the added mass matrix of an assembly of spheres is constructed on the basis of potential flow theory for situations where one sphere is much larger than the others. In the approximation, the flow potential near a small sphere is assumed to be dipolar, but near the large sphere it involves all higher order multipoles. The analysis is based on an exact result for the potential of a magnetic dipole in the presence of a superconducting sphere. Subsequently, the approximate added mass hydrodynamic interactions are used in a calculation of the swimming velocity and rate of dissipation of linear chain structures consisting of a number of small spheres and a single large one, with account also of frictional hydrodynamic interactions. The results derived for periodic swimming on the basis of a kinematic approach are compared with the bilinear theory, valid for small amplitude of stroke, and with the numerical solution of the approximate equations of motion. The calculations interpolate over the whole range of scale number between the friction-dominated Stokes limit and the inertia-dominated regime.
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Research Article| January 24 2017
Swimming of a linear chain with a cargo in an incompressible viscous fluid with inertia
B. U. Felderhof; Swimming of a linear chain with a cargo in an incompressible viscous fluid with inertia. Physics of Fluids 1 January 2017; 29 (1): 011901. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4973711
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