A laminar, incompressible, viscous pipe flow with a controllable swirl induced by wall rotation has been studied both numerically and experimentally up to an axial Reynolds number (Re) of 30. The pipe consists of two smoothly joined sections that can be rotated independently about the same axis. The circumstances of flow entering a stationary pipe from a rotating pipe (so-called decaying swirl) and flow entering a rotating pipe from a stationary pipe (growing swirl) have been investigated. Flow visualisations show that at a certain swirl ratio the flow undergoes a reversal and vortex breakdown occurs. The variation of this critical swirl ratio with Reynolds number is explored and good agreement is found between the experimental and numerical methods. At high Re the critical swirl ratio tends to a constant value, whereas at low Re the product of the Reynolds number and the square of the swirl ratio tends to a constant value in good agreement with an existing analytical solution. For decaying swirl the vortex breakdown manifests itself on the pipe axis, whereas for growing swirl a toroidal zone of recirculation occurs near the pipe wall. The recirculating flow zones formed at critical conditions are found to increase radially and axially in extent with increasing Reynolds number and swirl ratio.
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Research Article| May 08 2014
Controlling vortex breakdown in swirling pipe flows: Experiments and simulations
D. J. C. Dennis;
D. J. C. Dennis, C. Seraudie, R. J. Poole; Controlling vortex breakdown in swirling pipe flows: Experiments and simulations. Physics of Fluids 1 May 2014; 26 (5): 053602. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4875486
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