We apply smoothed dissipative particle dynamics (SDPD) [Español and Revenga, Phys. Rev. E 67, 026705 (2003)] to model solid particles in suspension. SDPD is a thermodynamically consistent version of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) and can be interpreted as a multiscale particle framework linking the macroscopic SPH to the mesoscopic dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) method. Rigid structures of arbitrary shape embedded in the fluid are modeled by frozen particles on which artificial velocities are assigned in order to satisfy exactly the no-slip boundary condition on the solid-liquid interface. The dynamics of the rigid structures is decoupled from the solvent by solving extra equations for the rigid body translational/angular velocities derived from the total drag/torque exerted by the surrounding liquid. The correct scaling of the SDPD thermal fluctuations with the fluid-particle size allows us to describe the behavior of the particle suspension on spatial scales ranging continuously from the diffusion-dominated regime typical of sub-micron-sized objects towards the non-Brownian regime characterizing macro-continuum flow conditions. Extensive tests of the method are performed for the case of two/three dimensional bulk particle-system both in Brownian/non-Brownian environment showing numerical convergence and excellent agreement with analytical theories. Finally, to illustrate the ability of the model to couple with external boundary geometries, the effect of confinement on the diffusional properties of a single sphere within a micro-channel is considered, and the dependence of the diffusion coefficient on the wall-separation distance is evaluated and compared with available analytical results.
Multiscale modeling of particle in suspension with smoothed dissipative particle dynamics
Xin Bian, Sergey Litvinov, Rui Qian, Marco Ellero, Nikolaus A. Adams; Multiscale modeling of particle in suspension with smoothed dissipative particle dynamics. Physics of Fluids 1 January 2012; 24 (1): 012002. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3676244
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