We investigate subgrid modeling of anisotropic rotating turbulence with a dynamic equation of structure functions of the filtered velocity field. The local volume-averaged structure function equation of rotating turbulence is introduced and an eddy viscosity subgrid model is obtained. The resulting subgrid model is similar to that of the study of Cui et al [Phys. Fluids16, 2835 (2004)]. It is directly related to the transfer term: the third-order structure function. This term can be computed dynamically during large eddy simulations (LES). Tests are successfully carried out in LES of decaying, rotating, homogeneous turbulence at high Reynolds numbers. Results are in excellent agreement when compared with those of Cambon et al [J. Fluid Mech.337, 303 (1997)].

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