Congratulations to 2023 MRE Best Paper Award Winners!

Matter and Radiation at Extremes continued its Best Paper Award (BPA) selection this year and the editorial board members chose three articles as the BPA winners among the papers published in 2023 (see the list below, in no particular order).

Congratulations to the winners!

Spectrum-tailored random fiber laser towards ICF laser facility

Mengqiu Fan, Shengtao Lin, Ke Yao, Yifei Qi, Jiaojiao Zhang, et al; Matter Radiat. Extremes 1 March 2023; 8 (2): 025902. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0129434

“In the last few years great progress has been made in Inertial Confinement Fusion. However, it is acknowledged by all specialists in the field that parametric instabilities driven by laser-plasma interaction in the corona remain a challenge. They can induce energy loss of the driver beams and generate hot electrons, which can be detrimental to the compression phase. Broadband, low-coherence laser light is considered as a possible way to modify or even suppress the plasma instabilities.

In their recent paper “Spectrum-tailored fiber laser towards ICF laser facility” Mengqiu FAN and his co-authors present a new idea, the random fiber laser, to advance low-coherence, high-energy beams to overcome the problem of instabilities. Their proposal is the first random laser system with megawatt-class peak power with low-coherence properties.”
- Dr. Stefan Weber, Associate Editor of MRE

 

Direct imaging of shock wave splitting in diamond at Mbar pressure

Sergey Makarov, Sergey Dyachkov, Tatiana Pikuz, Kento Katagiri, Hirotaka Nakamura, et al; Matter Radiat. Extremes 1 November 2023; 8 (6): 066601. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0156681

“Megabar pressures prevail in the interiors of planets, the first stages of laser-driven fusion energy concepts and high-velocity collision such as meteor impacts or low earth orbit space debris hitting satellites. Laser-driven dynamic shock waves provide one of the few possibilities to access this interesting and physically highly complex regime of matter. Precise diagnostics of such highly dynamic experiment is extremely challenging and only for about 10 years, X-ray Free Electron Lasers have started to provide revolutionary insights into matter dynamically compressed to megabar pressures. Makarov et al. present such a way-leading study by direct imaging of the wave splitting in diamond, which is a key material for many dynamic compression experiments. However, its high strength leads to complex wave structures of an elastic precursor followed by plastic deformation on nanosecond or sub-nanosecond timescale. This process was now elucidated with unprecedented detail at the SACLA X-ray free electron laser providing invaluable benchmarks for the diamond material response under megabar shock compression and will lead the way to a plethora of follow-up experiments also studying other materials.”
- Prof. Dr. Dominik Kraus, Associate Editor of MRE

 

First-principles study on the conventional superconductivity of N-doped fcc-LuH3

Zihao Huo, Defang Duan, Tiancheng Ma, Zihan Zhang, Qiwen Jiang, et al; Matter Radiat. Extremes 1 May 2023; 8 (3): 038402. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0151844

Dias’s group reported room-temperature superconductivity in a nitrogen-doped lutetium hydride at near-ambient pressure [Nature 615, 244 (2023)], which would be the most important discovery if it is true. Also open questions remain such as the exact stoichiometry and the positions of the hydrogen and nitrogen atoms. The group led by Defang Duan, took a critical look at the claim by systematically study the phase diagram of Lu–N–H using first-principles calculations. It is found that no ternary Lu-N-H compounds can be stabilized at 1 GPa and the only dynamically stable ternary Lu2H5N requires at least 50 GPa to form. These results provide strong evidence against Dias’s claim and are important to understand the near-ambient superconductivity.
- Dr. Hong Xiao, Guest Editor of MRE

 

Congratulations to 2022 MRE Best Paper Award Winners!

Matter and Radiation at Extremes released the winners of MRE Best Paper Award in 2022 recently. The award is bestowed to authors of excellent articles published in the journal of Matter and Radiation at Extremes (MRE) in the year of 2022, for appreciating and acknowledging their contributions to MRE, while promoting and encouraging top quality research in the field of matter and radiation under extreme states.

Among ~50 papers published in MRE in the year of 2022, after evaluation and discussion by the committee, it was finally decided to award three articles as the MRE Best Paper Award winners.

Please see the full list below. Congratulations to the winners! (In no particular order)

MRE Best Paper Award Winners

Dream fusion in octahedral spherical hohlraum

Ke Lan; Matter and Radiation at Extremes 1 September 2022; 7 (5): 055701. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0103362

Dream fusion in octahedral spherical hohlraum cover graphic

Triggering star formation: Experimental compression of a foam ball induced by Taylor–Sedov blast waves

B. Albertazzi, P. Mabey, Th. Michel, G. Rigon, J. R. Marquès, S. Pikuz, S. Ryazantsev, E. Falize, L. Van Box Som, J. Meinecke, N. Ozaki, G. Gregori, M. Koenig; Matter and Radiation at Extremes 1 May 2022; 7 (3): 036902. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0068689

Triggering star formation: Experimental compression of a foam ball induced by Taylor–Sedov blast waves cover graphic

Incompatibility of published ac magnetic susceptibility of a room temperature superconductor with measured raw data

J. E. Hirsch, D. van der Marel; Matter and Radiation at Extremes 1 July 2022; 7 (4): 048401. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0088429

Incompatibility of published ac magnetic susceptibility of a room temperature superconductor with measured raw data cover graphic

Congratulations to 2021 MRE Best Paper Award Winners!

Matter and Radiation at Extremes initiated the MRE Best Paper Award in 2021, which is bestowed to authors of excellent articles published in the journal in the past three years, for appreciating and acknowledging their contributions to MRE, while promoting and encouraging top quality research in the field of matter and radiation under extreme states.

Among 120 papers published in MRE from 2018 to 2020, after evaluation and discussion by the committee, it was finally decided to award three articles as the MRE Best Paper Award winners. We also celebrate the nine excellent articles nominated for the MRE Best Paper Award.

Please see the full list below. Congratulations to the winners! (In no particular order)

MRE Best Paper Award Winners

Current status and highlights of the ELI-NP research program.
A. Tanaka, K. M. Spohr, D. L. Balabanski, S. Balascuta, L. Capponi, M. O. Cernaianu, M. Cuciuc, A. Cucoanes, I. Dancus, A. Dhal, B. Diaconescu, D. Doria, P. Ghenuche, D. G. Ghita, S. Kisyov, V. Nastasa, J. F. Ong, F. Rotaru, D. Sangwan, P.-A. Söderström, D. Stutman, G. Suliman, O. Tesileanu, L. Tudor, N. Tsoneva, C. A. Ur, D. Ursescu, and N. V. Zamfir

“The review paper from Prof. Tanaka on the status and upcoming commissioning of the Extreme Light Infrastructure in Romania stands out from the majority of articles published in MRE. It provides a detailed overview of one of the most important scientific infrastructures built in the European Union. It describes in a very accessible and at the same time comprehensive way the physics to be studied and the technology which makes it possible. This article won the MRE Best Paper award because it is a perfect introduction for young scientists entering this specific field and a perfect reference for the potential user community which will soon perform unique experiments in this installation.”

- Stefan Weber, Associate Editor of MRE

 

 

Understanding the effects of radiative preheat and self-emission from shock heating on equation of state measurement at 100s of Mbar using spherically converging shock waves in a NIF hohlraum.

Joseph Nilsen, Andrea L. Kritcher, Madison E. Martin, Robert E. Tipton, Heather D. Whitley, Damian C. Swift, Tilo Döppner, Benjamin L. Bachmann, Amy E. Lazicki, Natalie B. Kostinski, Brian R. Maddox, Gilbert W. Collins, Siegfried H. Glenzer, and Roger W. Falcone

“Extremely high pressure hugoniots (above 400 Mbar) were previously rarely achieved unless using nuclear explosions. Here it is the first time using NIF that such matter at extreme has been reached opening a new domain of EOS exploration. In this paper radiation issues are discussed both coming from hard x-rays generated on the cavity walls or by the shock itself as its temperature becomes extremely important. This paper won the MRE Best Paper Award because it is one the first showing the convergence to atomic pressures that might revolutionize our understanding of the extreme pressure domain.”

- Michel Koenig, Co Editor-in-Chief of MRE

 

 

Superconductivity in La and Y hydrides: Remaining questions to experiment and theory.

Viktor Struzhkin, Bing Li, Cheng Ji,  Xiao-Jia Chen, Vitali Prakapenka,  Eran Greenberg, Ivan Troyan,  Alexander Gavriliuk, and Ho-kwang Mao

“Since the discovery of the first superconductor in 1911, the pursuit and exploration on room-temperature superconductivity have never come to stop. For now, pressurizing metal hydrides appear to be a "shortcut" to this Holy Grail of condensed matter physics. In this review article, Struzhkin et al. summarized the latest results of theoretical and experimental studies on metal hydride high-temperature superconductivities. They also proposed that high-Tc superhydrides may be "doped" with metallic hydrogen based on their own experimental investigations. This review article won the MRE Best Paper award because not only gives us a quick and systematic update on the research of metal hydride high-temperature superconductivity, but also enlightens the debates on the newly emerging hot topics of the field, which would push forward the studies of high-temperature superconductivity.”

- Bin Chen, Guest Editor of MRE

 

MRE Best Paper Award Nominees

Authors

Article Title

Lorenz S, Grittani G, Chacon-Golcher E, et al.

Characterization of supersonic and subsonic gas targets for laser wakefield electron acceleration experiments.

Chen S N, Negoita F, Spohr K, et al.

Extreme brightness laser-based neutron pulses as a pathway for investigating nucleosynthesis in the laboratory.

Linke Jochen, Du Juan, Loewenhoff Thorsten, et al.

Challenges for plasma-facing components in nuclear fusion.

Wang Guiqiu, Yi He, Li Yujiao, et al.

Review of stopping power and Coulomb explosion for molecular ion in plasmas.

Nikl J, Holec M, Zeman M, et al.

Macroscopic laser-plasma interaction under strong non-local transport conditions for coupled matter and radiation.

Renner O, Rosmej F B.

Challenges of x-ray spectroscopy in investigations of matter under extreme conditions.

Sauppe J P, Palaniyappan S, Loomis E N, et al.

Using cylindrical implosions to investigate hydrodynamic instabilities in convergent geometry.

Hirao N, Kawaguchi S I, Hirose K, et al.

New developments in high-pressure X-ray diffraction beamline for diamond anvil cell at SPring-8.

Mao Ho-kwang, Mao Wendy L.

Key problems of the four-dimensional Earth system.



2021 MRE Best Paper Award Announcement

About the Award

For appreciating and acknowledging MRE authors’ contributions, while also promoting and encouraging top quality research in the field of matter and radiation under extreme states, MRE would bestow a yearly award - MRE Best Paper Award - to authors of three top papers published in MRE journal in the past three years.

Eligibility

All papers published in MRE from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2020 are eligible to compete for MRE Best Paper Award. (Review, perspective, original research, letters all included.)

Selection Criteria

The papers will be selected by editors according to the following criteria:

  • Scientific merit and broad impact;
  • Originality and innovation;
  • Citations and downloads;

Nomination and selection processes

20 articles will be nominated by editors from all eligible papers and the selection committee determines the recipients of the Best Paper Award.

The authors who want to self-nominate their article can submit the nomination to: mreeo@aip.org before 31 August 2021. The nomination package should include:

  • A nomination letter signed by the author and co-authors describing the role and contribution of the author in the research;
  • A copy of the article in PDF format;
  • A supporting statement with no more than 150 words;

The MRE Best Paper Award winner receives:

  • An official certificate of MRE Best Paper Award;
  • Cash prize of RMB 2,000;
  • An invitation to upcoming webinar (one of the winners will be invited to give speech at International Conference on Matter and Radiation at Extremes (ICMRE), a serial conference convened annually since 2016, which brings together scientists from all over the world to exchange ideas and discuss latest achievements in the field).