Spontaneous ordering in a system of excited emitters with a powerful short radiation pulse predicted by Dicke attracted the great attention of scientists for decades as a bright example of the nontrivial behavior of a nonequilibrium system. The Bogolyubov reduced description method has some advantages and provides new possibilities in the theoretical investigation of the Dicke process. The paper presents the authors’ results of modeling such processes concerning both optical ones in the presence of crystal lattice influence and acoustic superradiance, which is possible in solids. The right choice of reduced description parameters allows the account of atom motions (phonons), cavity influence, and excitations in the emitter system (excitons) in the electromagnetic radiation process. The mathematical analogy between the Dicke system and a spin system in a magnetic field opens the way to applying the reduced description technique to acoustic phenomena previously investigated with the boson variable elimination method. Such a new approach to superradiance in crystals with paramagnetic impurities and with competing mechanisms of relaxation (Wagner model) is outlined. Acoustic superradiance is discussed in connection with the problem of structural phase transitions.

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