Structure and coordinate dependence of the reflected wave, as well as boundary conditions for quasi-particles of graphene and the two dimensional electron gas in sheets with abrupt lattice edges are obtained and analyzed by the Green's function technique. In particular, the reflection wave function contains terms inversely proportional to the distance to the graphene lattice edge. The Dirac equation and the momentum dependence of the wave functions of the quasi-particles near the conical points are also found by the perturbation theory with degeneracy in terms of the Bloch functions taken at the degeneracy points. The developed approach allows to formulate the validity criteria for the Dirac equation in a rather simple way.

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