In this study, a submerged tension leg platform wind turbine (STLPWT) which can be constructed near the quayside and then wet-towed to the installation site as a unit was proposed. This transportation method will consequently reduce the use of heavy offshore cranes. However, as a high-rise structure, the floating wind turbine may sustain large overturning moments induced by wind, wave, current, and towing force in the transport phase. In order to study the stability of the floating wind turbine and the towline force in wet tows, a numerical model of the towing system including a towboat, towline, and STLPWT was established based on multi-body dynamics. Then, the environmental load effects on the towing stability of the floating wind turbine were investigated. In addition, the comparison of the bollard pull and the height of towing points was performed. The results show that the STLPWT was stable under the rough sea towing condition: a significant wave height of 5 m and a wind speed of 17 m/s. An appropriate bollard pull should be chosen, in practice, as it involves the time and costs of the towing process. In addition, it may be a better choice to set the height of the towing points near the mean sea level to lower the pitch motions of the STLPWT as well as the towline force.
Dynamic analysis of a floating wind turbine in wet tows based on multi-body dynamics
Hongyan Ding, Yanqing Han, Conghuan Le, Puyang Zhang; Dynamic analysis of a floating wind turbine in wet tows based on multi-body dynamics. J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 1 May 2017; 9 (3): 033301. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4982742
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