It is well known that tensor decompositions show separations, that is, constraints on local terms (such as positivity) may entail an arbitrarily high cost in their representation. Here, we show that many of these separations disappear in the approximate case. Specifically, for every approximation error ɛ and norm, we define the approximate rank as the minimum rank of an element in the ɛ-ball with respect to that norm. For positive semidefinite matrices, we show that the separations between rank, purification rank, and separable rank disappear for a large class of Schatten p-norms. For non-negative tensors, we show that the separations between rank, positive semidefinite rank, and non-negative rank disappear for all ℓp-norms with p > 1. For the trace norm (p = 1), we obtain upper bounds that depend on the ambient dimension. We also provide a deterministic algorithm to obtain the approximate decomposition attaining our bounds. Our main tool is an approximate version of the Carathéodory theorem. Our results imply that many separations are not robust under small perturbations of the tensor, with implications in quantum many-body systems and communication complexity.
Skip Nav Destination
Research Article| September 01 2021
Approximate tensor decompositions: Disappearance of many separations
Gemma De las Cuevas ;
Andreas Klingler ;
Gemma De las Cuevas, Andreas Klingler, Tim Netzer; Approximate tensor decompositions: Disappearance of many separations. J. Math. Phys. 1 September 2021; 62 (9): 093502. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0033876
Download citation file: