The complexification of the independent variables of nonlinear integrable evolution partial differential equations (PDEs) in two space dimensions, like the celebrated Kadomtsev-Petviashvili and Davey-Stewartson (DS) equations, yields nonlinear integrable equations in genuine 4 + 2, namely, in four real space dimensions (x1, x2, y1, y2) and two real time dimensions (t1, t2), as opposed to two complex space dimensions and one complex time dimension. The associated initial value problem for such equations, namely, the problem where the dependent variables are specified for all space variables at t1 = t2 = 0, can be solved via a non-local d-bar formalism. Here, the details of this formalism for the 4 + 2 DS system are presented. Furthermore, the linearised version of the 3 + 1 reduction of the 4 + 2 DS system is discussed. The construction of the nonlinear 3 + 1 reduction remains open, in spite of the fact that multi-soliton solutions for the 3 + 1 DS system already exist.
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Research Article| September 04 2018
Complexification and integrability in multidimensions
Special Collection: In Memory of Ludwig Faddeev
A. S. Fokas;
A. S. Fokas, M. C. van der Weele; Complexification and integrability in multidimensions. J. Math. Phys. 1 September 2018; 59 (9): 091413. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5032110
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