Van Dam and Hayden introduced a concept commonly referred to as embezzlement, where, for any entangled quantum state ϕ, there is an entangled catalyst state ψ, from which a high fidelity approximation of ϕ ⊗ ψ can be produced using only local operations. We investigate a version of this where the embezzlement is perfect (i.e., the fidelity is 1). We prove that perfect embezzlement is impossible in a tensor product framework, even with infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces and infinite entanglement entropy. Then we prove that perfect embezzlement is possible in a commuting operator framework. We prove this using the theory of C*-algebras and we also provide an explicit construction. Next, we apply our results to analyze perfect versions of a nonlocal game introduced by Regev and Vidick. Finally, we analyze the structure of perfect embezzlement protocols in the commuting operator model, showing that they require infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces.
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Research Article| January 30 2017
Perfect embezzlement of entanglement
Li Liu ;
Richard Cleve, Li Liu, Vern I. Paulsen; Perfect embezzlement of entanglement. J. Math. Phys. 1 January 2017; 58 (1): 012204. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974818
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