The canonical Hamiltonian structure of the equations of fluid dynamics obtained in the Boussinesq approximation are considered. New variational formulations of these equations are proposed and it is found that, as in the case of the KdV equation and the equations governing long waves in shallow water, they are degenerate Lagrangian systems. Therefore, in order to cast these equations into canonical form it is again necessary to use Dirac’s theory of constraints. It is found that there are primary and secondary constraints which are second class and it is possible to construct the Hamiltonian in terms of canonical variables. Among the examples of Boussinesq equations that are discussed are the equations of Whitham–Broer–Kaup which Kupershmidt has recently expressed in symmetric form and shown to admit tri‐Hamiltonian structure.
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Research Article| July 01 1987
Canonical structures for dispersive waves in shallow water
Fahrünisa Neyzi, Yavuz Nutku; Canonical structures for dispersive waves in shallow water. J. Math. Phys. 1 July 1987; 28 (7): 1499–1504. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.527505
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