Photoion yield curves for CH3+ and CH2+ from methane have been measured near threshold at 295 and 115 °K, and the curves for CH2+ from ketene have been obtained at 295 and 130 °K. Although the detection efficiences for positive and negative ions were nearly equal, a search for the ion‐pair process yielding CH3++H− gave negative results. The methane data are successfully fitted on the assumption that the full rotational energy is available for formation of CH3+, but that only two rotational degrees of freedom contribute to the available energy for the process yielding CH2+. Neglecting excess energy at threshold, the values ΔHf°0(CH3) =149.4±0.5 kJ/mole (35.70±0.12 kcal/mole and ΔHf°0(CH2) =392.5±2.1 kJ/mole(93.8±0.5 kcal/mole) from methane. Correction of the threshold for CH2+ from ketene for rotational energy results in the concordant value ΔHf°0(CH2) =390.8±1.7 kJ/mole (93.4±0.4 kcal/mole) on the assumption that excess energy can be neglected at threshold. The mean of the two determinations is selected as the preferred value ΔHf°0(CH2) =391.6±1.7 kJ/mole (93.6±0.4 kcal/mole).
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Research Article| August 28 2008
Enthalpy of formation of methyl and methylene radicals of photoionization studies of methane and ketene
K. E. McCulloh;
J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4445–4450 (1976)
K. E. McCulloh, Vernon H. Dibeler; Enthalpy of formation of methyl and methylene radicals of photoionization studies of methane and ketene. J. Chem. Phys. 1 June 1976; 64 (11): 4445–4450. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.432123
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