Evolution of nitrogen under shock compression up to 100 GPa is revisited via molecular dynamics simulations using a machine-learned interatomic potential. The model is shown to be capable of recovering the structure, dynamics, speciation, and kinetics in hot compressed liquid nitrogen predicted by first-principles molecular dynamics, as well as the measured principal shock Hugoniot and double shock experimental data, albeit without shock cooling. Our results indicate that a purely molecular dissociation description of nitrogen chemistry under shock compression provides an incomplete picture and that short oligomers form in non-negligible quantities. This suggests that classical models representing the shock dissociation of nitrogen as a transition to an atomic fluid need to be revised to include reversible polymerization effects.
Chemical evolution in nitrogen shocked beyond the molecular stability limit
Rebecca K. Lindsey, Sorin Bastea, Yanjun Lyu, Sebastien Hamel, Nir Goldman, Laurence E. Fried; Chemical evolution in nitrogen shocked beyond the molecular stability limit. J. Chem. Phys. 28 August 2023; 159 (8): 084502. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0157238
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