Global optimization of atomistic structure relies on the generation of new candidate structures in order to drive the exploration of the potential energy surface (PES) in search of the global minimum energy structure. In this work, we discuss a type of structure generation, which locally optimizes structures in complementary energy (CE) landscapes. These landscapes are formulated temporarily during the searches as machine learned potentials (MLPs) using local atomistic environments sampled from collected data. The CE landscapes are deliberately incomplete MLPs that rather than mimicking every aspect of the true PES are sought to become much smoother, having only a few local minima. This means that local optimization in the CE landscapes may facilitate the identification of new funnels in the true PES. We discuss how to construct the CE landscapes and we test their influence on the global optimization of a reduced rutile SnO2(110)-(4 × 1) surface and an olivine (Mg2SiO4)4 cluster for which we report a new global minimum energy structure.
Generating candidates in global optimization algorithms using complementary energy landscapes
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Software for Atomistic Machine Learning.
Andreas Møller Slavensky, Mads-Peter V. Christiansen, Bjørk Hammer; Generating candidates in global optimization algorithms using complementary energy landscapes. J. Chem. Phys. 14 July 2023; 159 (2): 024123. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0156218
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