Carbohydrates constitute one of the four key classes of biomacromolecules but have not been studied by 2D-IR spectroscopy so far. Similarly as for proteins, a lack of native vibrational reporter groups, combined with their huge structural diversity, leads to spectrally congested infrared spectra already for single carbohydrates. Biophysical studies are further impeded by the strong overlap between water modes and carbohydrate modes. Here, we demonstrate the application of the known vibrational reporter group thiocyanate (SCN) as a label in glucose. In this first study, we are able to perform IR and 2D-IR spectroscopy of β-glucose with SCN at the C2 position in chloroform. Upon improved synthesis and the removal of all protecting groups, we successfully performed 2D-IR spectroscopy of β-glucose in H2O. All experimental results are compared to those of methyl-thiocyanate as a reference sample. Overall, we show that the concept of using site-specific vibrational reporter groups can be transferred to carbohydrates. Thus, biophysical studies with 2D-IR spectroscopy can now expand to glycoscience.
2D-IR spectroscopy of carbohydrates: Characterization of thiocyanate-labeled β-glucose in CHCl3 and H2O
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Celebrating 25 Years of Two-dimensional Infrared (2D IR) Spectroscopy.
P. Gasse, T. Stensitzki, Y. Mai-Linde, T. Linker, H. M. Müller-Werkmeister; 2D-IR spectroscopy of carbohydrates: Characterization of thiocyanate-labeled β-glucose in CHCl3 and H2O. J. Chem. Phys. 14 April 2023; 158 (14): 145101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0139166
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