Despite the modern advances in the available computational resources, the length and time scales of the physical systems that can be studied in full atomic detail, via molecular simulations, are still limited. To overcome such limitations, coarse-grained (CG) models have been developed to reduce the dimensionality of the physical system under study. However, to study such systems at the atomic level, it is necessary to re-introduce the atomistic details into the CG description. Such an ill-posed mathematical problem is typically treated via numerical algorithms, which need to balance accuracy, efficiency, and general applicability. Here, we introduce an efficient and versatile method for backmapping multi-component CG macromolecules of arbitrary microstructures. By utilizing deep learning algorithms, we train a convolutional neural network to learn structural correlations between polymer configurations at the atomistic and their corresponding CG descriptions, obtained from atomistic simulations. The trained model is then utilized to get predictions of atomistic structures from input CG configurations. As an illustrative example, we apply the convolutional neural network to polybutadiene copolymers of various microstructures, in which each monomer microstructure (i.e., cis-1,4, trans-1,4, and vinyl-1,2) is represented as a different CG particle type. The proposed methodology is transferable over molecular weight and various microstructures. Moreover, starting from a specific single CG configuration with a given microstructure, we show that by modifying its chemistry (i.e., CG particle types), we are able to obtain a set of well equilibrated polymer configurations of different microstructures (chemistry) than the one of the original CG configuration.
Deep convolutional neural networks for generating atomistic configurations of multi-component macromolecules from coarse-grained models
Eleftherios Christofi, Antonis Chazirakis, Charalambos Chrysostomou, Mihalis A. Nicolaou, Wei Li, Manolis Doxastakis, Vagelis A. Harmandaris; Deep convolutional neural networks for generating atomistic configurations of multi-component macromolecules from coarse-grained models. J. Chem. Phys. 14 November 2022; 157 (18): 184903. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0110322
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