Oxygen plasma treatment is commonly used to sterilize gold nanoparticles by removing chemical contaminants from their surface while simultaneously inducing surface activation and functionalization of nanoparticles for biological, electrocatalytic, or electrochemical studies. In this study, we investigate the influence of oxygen plasma treatment on structural and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) spectral changes of anisotropic gold nanorods (AuNRs) immobilized on an indium tin oxide (ITO) glass substrate. Unlike AuNRs deposited on a glass slide, no noticeable structural change or deformation of AuNRs on ITO was observed while increasing the oxygen plasma treatment time. This result indicates that ITO provides structural stability to AuNRs immobilized on its surface. Additionally, single-particle scattering spectra of AuNRs showed the broadening of LSPR linewidth within 60 s of oxygen plasma treatment as a result of the plasmon energy loss contributed from plasmon damping to ITO due to the removal of capping material from the AuNR surface. Nevertheless, an increase in the surface charge on the AuNR surface was observed by narrowing the LSPR linewidth after 180 s of plasma treatment. The electrochemical study of AuNRs immobilized on ITO electrodes revealed the surface activation and functionalization of AuNRs by increasing plasma treatment. Hence, in this study, a significant understanding of oxygen plasma treatment on AuNRs immobilized on ITO surfaces is provided.
Influence of oxygen plasma treatment on structural and spectral changes in gold nanorods immobilized on indium tin oxide surfaces
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Plasmon-Driven Energy Conversion.
Mukunthan Ramasamy, Ji Won Ha; Influence of oxygen plasma treatment on structural and spectral changes in gold nanorods immobilized on indium tin oxide surfaces. J. Chem. Phys. 7 July 2022; 157 (1): 014702. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0097220
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