Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation is a powerful tool for understanding the dynamics and structure of matter. Since the resolution of MD is atomic-scale, achieving long timescale simulations with femtosecond integration is very expensive. In each MD step, numerous iterative computations are performed to calculate energy based on different types of interaction and their corresponding spatial gradients. These repetitive computations can be learned and surrogated by a deep learning model, such as a Graph Neural Network (GNN). In this work, we developed a GNN Accelerated MD (GAMD) model that directly predicts forces, given the state of the system (atom positions, atom types), bypassing the evaluation of potential energy. By training the GNN on a variety of data sources (simulation data derived from classical MD and density functional theory), we show that GAMD can predict the dynamics of two typical molecular systems, Lennard-Jones system and water system, in the NVT ensemble with velocities regulated by a thermostat. We further show that GAMD’s learning and inference are agnostic to the scale, where it can scale to much larger systems at test time. We also perform a comprehensive benchmark test comparing our implementation of GAMD to production-level MD software, showing GAMD’s competitive performance on the large-scale simulation.
Graph neural networks accelerated molecular dynamics
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Chemical Design by Artificial Intelligence.
Zijie Li, Kazem Meidani, Prakarsh Yadav, Amir Barati Farimani; Graph neural networks accelerated molecular dynamics. J. Chem. Phys. 14 April 2022; 156 (14): 144103. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0083060
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