Calcium ions play a dual role in expanding the spectral diversity and structural stability of photocomplexes from several Ca2+-requiring purple sulfur phototrophic bacteria. Here, metal-sensitive structural changes in the isotopically labeled light-harvesting 1 reaction center (LH1-RC) complexes from the thermophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thermochromatium (Tch.) tepidum were investigated by perfusion-induced attenuated total reflection (ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The ATR-FTIR difference spectra induced by exchanges between native Ca2+ and exogenous Ba2+ exhibited interconvertible structural and/or conformational changes in the metal binding sites at the LH1 C-terminal region. Most of the characteristic Ba2+/Ca2+ difference bands were detected even when only Ca ions were removed from the LH1-RC complexes, strongly indicating the pivotal roles of Ca2+ in maintaining the LH1-RC structure of Tch. tepidum. Upon 15N-, 13C- or 2H-labeling, the LH1-RC complexes exhibited characteristic 15N/14N-, 13C/12C-, or 2H/1H-isotopic shifts for the Ba2+/Ca2+ difference bands. Some of the 15N/14N or 13C/12C bands were also sensitive to further 2H-labelings. Given the band frequencies and their isotopic shifts along with the structural information of the Tch. tepidum LH1-RC complexes, metal-sensitive FTIR bands were tentatively identified to the vibrational modes of the polypeptide main chains and side chains comprising the metal binding sites. Furthermore, important new IR marker bands highly sensitive to the LH1 BChl a conformation in the Ca2+-bound states were revealed based on both ATR-FTIR and near-infrared Raman analyses. The present approach provides valuable insights concerning the dynamic equilibrium between the Ca2+- and Ba2+-bound states statically resolved by x-ray crystallography.
Identification of metal-sensitive structural changes in the Ca2+-binding photocomplex from Thermochromatium tepidum by isotope-edited vibrational spectroscopy
Yukihiro Kimura, Michie Imanishi, Yong Li, Yuki Yura, Takashi Ohno, Yoshitaka Saga, Michael T. Madigan, Zheng-Yu Wang-Otomo; Identification of metal-sensitive structural changes in the Ca2+-binding photocomplex from Thermochromatium tepidum by isotope-edited vibrational spectroscopy. J. Chem. Phys. 14 March 2022; 156 (10): 105101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0075600
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