It is well known that structure determines property, but obtaining a pair of silver nanoclusters with comparable structures to understand the structure–property relationship is a very challenging task. A new 60-nuclei silver nanocluster (SD/Ag60a) protected by a mixed-ligand shell of tBuS− and o-CH3OPhCOO− was obtained and characterized. Single crystal x-ray diffraction reveals that SD/Ag60a has an identical metal nuclearity and core–shell structural type to SD/Ag1 previously reported by our group, whereas the compositions of the core and shell have undergone a rearrangement from an Ag12 cuboctahedron core and an Ag48 rhombicuboctahedron shell in SD/Ag1 to an Ag14 rhombic dodecahedron core and an oval Ag46 shell in SD/Ag60a. The core enlargement from Ag12 to Ag14 originates from the replacement of two S2− in Ag12S15 by two Ag+, which gives a new Ag14S13 core. This result indicates that the metal frameworks of silver nanoclusters have some extent flexibility despite the same nuclearity, which can be influenced by ligands, solvents, anion templates, and others in the embryonic stage of the assembly. Interestingly, different core–shell architectures of Ag60 nanoclusters also significantly endow the different optical absorption bands, photocurrent-generating properties, and luminesecent behaviors. This work not only realizes the regulation of the core–shell structure of silver nanoclusters with the same nuclearity but also provides a comparable model for investigating the relationship of structure–photoelectric properties.
Structural rearrangement of Ag60 nanocluster endowing different luminescence performances
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on From Atom-Precise Nanoclusters to Superatom Materials.
Yan-Min Su, Xiao-Yu Li, Zhi Wang, Zhi-Yong Gao, Xian-Qiang Huang, Chen-Ho Tung, Di Sun; Structural rearrangement of Ag60 nanocluster endowing different luminescence performances. J. Chem. Phys. 21 December 2021; 155 (23): 234303. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0070138
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