Perovskites attract attention as efficient light absorbers for solar cells due to their high-power conversion efficiency (up to 24%). The high photoelectric conversion efficiency is greatly affected by a suitable band structure. Cation substitution can be an effective approach to tune the electronic band structure of lead halide perovskites. In this work, superalkali cations were introduced to replace the Cs+ cation in the CsPbBr3 material. The bimetallic superalkalis (LiMg, NaMg, LiCa, and NaCa) were inserted since they are structurally simple systems and have a strong tendency to lose one electron to achieve a closed-shell cation. The cation substitution in the lead halide perovskite leads to changes in the shape of both valence and conduction bands compared to CsPbBr3. Introducing superalkali cations produces extra electronic states close to the Fermi level, which arise from the formation of alkali earth metal states at the top of the valence band. Our first-principles computations reveal that bimetallic superalkali substitution decreases the bandgap of the perovskite. The bandgaps of MgLi–PbBr3 (1.35 eV) and MgNa–PbBr3 (1.06 eV) are lower than the bandgap of CsPbBr3 (2.48 eV) and within the optimal bandgap (i.e., 1.1–1.4 eV) for single-junction solar cells. Thus, the MgLi–PbBr3 and MgNa–PbBr3 inorganic perovskites are promising candidates for high-efficiency solar cells.
Bimetallic superalkali substitution in the CsPbBr3 perovskite: Pseudocubic phases and tunable bandgap
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on From Atom-Precise Nanoclusters to Superatom Materials.
Celina Sikorska, Nicola Gaston; Bimetallic superalkali substitution in the CsPbBr3 perovskite: Pseudocubic phases and tunable bandgap. J. Chem. Phys. 7 November 2021; 155 (17): 174307. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0067708
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