We report a study on the fragmentation of core-ionized and core-excited isocyanic acid, HNCO, using Auger-electron/photoion coincidence spectroscopy. Site-selectivity is observed both for normal and resonant Auger electron decay. Oxygen 1s ionization leads to the CO+ + NH+ ion pairs, while nitrogen 1s ionization results in three-body dissociation and an efficient fragmentation of the H–N bond in the dication. Upon 1s → 10a′ resonant excitation, clear differences between O and N sites are discernible as well. In both cases, the correlation between the dissociation channel and the binding energy of the normal Auger electrons indicates that the fragmentation pattern is governed by the excess energy available in the final ionic state. High-level multireference calculations suggest pathways to the formation of the fragment ions NO+ and HCO+, which are observed although the parent compound contains neither N–O nor H–C bonds. This work contributes to the goal to achieve and understand site-selective fragmentation upon ionization and excitation of molecules with soft x-ray radiation.
Fragmentation of isocyanic acid, HNCO, following core excitation and ionization
Marius Gerlach, Felipe Fantuzzi, Lilith Wohlfart, Karina Kopp, Bernd Engels, John Bozek, Christophe Nicolas, Dennis Mayer, Markus Gühr, Fabian Holzmeier, Ingo Fischer; Fragmentation of isocyanic acid, HNCO, following core excitation and ionization. J. Chem. Phys. 21 March 2021; 154 (11): 114302. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0044506
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