Plasmonic cavities (PCs) made of metallic nanostructures can concentrate electromagnetic radiation into an ultrasmall volume, where it might strongly interact with quantum emitters. In recent years, there has been much interest in studying such a strong coupling in the limit of single emitters. However, the lossy nature of PCs, reflected in their broad spectra, limits their quality factors and hence their performance as cavities. Here, we study the effect of the adhesion layer used in the fabrication of metal nanostructures on the spectral linewidths of bowtie-structured PCs. Using dark-field microspectroscopy, as well as electron energy loss spectroscopy, it is found that a reduction in the thickness of the chromium adhesion layer we use from 3 nm to 0.1 nm decreases the linewidths of both bright and dark plasmonic modes. We further show that it is possible to fabricate bowtie PCs without any adhesion layer, in which case the linewidth may be narrowed by as much as a factor of 2. Linewidth reduction increases the quality factor of these PCs accordingly, and it is shown to facilitate reaching the strong-coupling regime with semiconductor quantum dots.
Improving the quality factors of plasmonic silver cavities for strong coupling with quantum emitters
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Spectroscopy and Microscopy of Plasmonic Systems.
Ora Bitton, Satyendra Nath Gupta, Yong Cao, Alexander Vaskevich, Lothar Houben, Tamar Yelin, Gilad Haran; Improving the quality factors of plasmonic silver cavities for strong coupling with quantum emitters. J. Chem. Phys. 7 January 2021; 154 (1): 014703. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0034739
Download citation file: