We have studied the amorphization process of SnI4 up to 26.8 GPa with unprecedented experimental details by combining Sn and I K-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy and powder x-ray diffraction. Standard and reverse Monte Carlo extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) refinements confirm that the penta atomic SnI4 structural unit tetrahedron is a fundamental structural unit that appears preserved through the crystalline phase-I to crystalline phase-II transition that has been previously reported between 7 GPa and 10 GPa. Up to now, unexploited iodine EXAFS reveals to be extremely informative and confirms the progressive formation of iodine–iodine short bonds close to 2.85 Å. A coordination number increase of Sn in the crystalline phase-II region appears to be excluded, while the deformation of the tetrahedral units proceeds through a flattening that keeps the average I–Sn–I angle close to 109.5°. Moreover, we put in evidence the impact of pressure on the Sn near edge structure under competing geometrical and electronic effects.
Mechanism of pressure induced amorphization of SnI4: A combined x-ray diffraction—x-ray absorption spectroscopy study
Emiliano Fonda, Alain Polian, Toru Shinmei, Tetsuo Irifune, Jean-Paul Itié; Mechanism of pressure induced amorphization of SnI4: A combined x-ray diffraction—x-ray absorption spectroscopy study. J. Chem. Phys. 14 August 2020; 153 (6): 064501. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0012802
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