The chemical functionalization of graphene nanomaterials allows for the enhancement of their properties for novel functional applications. However, a better understanding of the functionalization process by determining the amount and location of functional groups within individual graphene nanoplatelets remains challenging. In this work, we demonstrate the capability of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) to investigate the degree and spatial variability of the appearance of disorder in graphitic nanomaterials on the nanoscale with three different levels of nitrogen functionalization. TERS results are in excellent agreement with those of confocal Raman spectroscopy and chemical analysis, determined using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry, of the functionalized materials. This work paves the way for a better understanding of the functionalization of graphene and graphitic nanomaterials at the nano-scale, micro-scale, and macro-scale and the relationship between the techniques and how they relate to the changes in material properties of industrial importance.
Nanoscale characterization of plasma functionalized graphitic flakes using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Spectroscopy and Microscopy of Plasmonic Systems.
Naresh Kumar, Sofia Marchesini, Thomas Howe, Lee Edwards, Barry Brennan, Andrew J. Pollard; Nanoscale characterization of plasma functionalized graphitic flakes using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. J. Chem. Phys. 14 November 2020; 153 (18): 184708. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0024370
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