Using Monte Carlo simulations, we systematically investigate the effect of particle size distribution on the phase behavior of polydisperse hard disks. Compared with the commonly used Gaussian-like polydisperse hard disks [P. Sampedro Ruiz, Q.-l. Lei, and R. Ni, Commun. Phys. 2, 70 (2019)], we find that the phase behavior of polydisperse hard-disk systems with lognormal and triangle distributions is significantly different. In polydisperse hard-disk systems of lognormal distributions, although the phase diagram appears similar to that of Gaussian-like polydisperse hard disks, the re-entrant melting of the hexatic or solid phase cannot be observed in sedimentation experiments. For polydisperse hard-disk systems of triangle distributions, the phase behavior is qualitatively different from the Gaussian-like and lognormal distributions, and we cannot reach any system of true polydispersity larger than 0.06, which is due to the special shape of the triangle distribution. Our results suggest that the exact particle size distribution is of primary importance in determining the phase behavior of polydisperse hard disks, and we do not have a universal phase diagram for different polydisperse hard-disk systems.
Effect of particle size distribution on polydisperse hard disks
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Emerging Investigators Special Collection.
Pablo Sampedro Ruiz, Ran Ni; Effect of particle size distribution on polydisperse hard disks. J. Chem. Phys. 7 November 2020; 153 (17): 174501. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0026910
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