The present work demonstrates that by the analysis of the dynamics of non-equilibrium fluctuations using the shadowgraph method, the thermal diffusivity, the Fick diffusion coefficient, the kinematic viscosity, and the Soret coefficient of a binary mixture can be determined from a single thermodiffusion experiment. The study was performed for a mixture consisting of equal masses of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene and n-dodecane in a newly developed shadowgraph apparatus at temperatures up to 373 K and pressures up to 40 MPa. The obtained results are mainly discussed in the light of their uncertainties at varying thermodynamic states for evaluating the benefits, drawbacks, and potentials of the apparatus. The Fick diffusion coefficient and the thermal diffusivity obtained with average expanded uncertainties of 2.8% and 6.6% agree with literature data and measurements for the same mixture taken by heterodyne dynamic light scattering. Current limitations of the method are reflected by the distinctly larger uncertainties of the kinematic viscosity and the Soret coefficient. Corresponding reasons and potential measures to overcome the limitations are discussed.
Simultaneous determination of multiple transport properties over a wide range of temperatures and pressures from the analysis of non-equilibrium fluctuations by the shadowgraph method
W. Wu, J. H. Jander, M. H. Rausch, A. P. Fröba, C. Giraudet; Simultaneous determination of multiple transport properties over a wide range of temperatures and pressures from the analysis of non-equilibrium fluctuations by the shadowgraph method. J. Chem. Phys. 14 October 2020; 153 (14): 144201. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0024503
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