Plasmonic nanoholes have attracted significant attention among nanoplasmonic devices, especially as biosensing platforms, where nanohole arrays can efficiently enhance and confine the electromagnetic field through surface plasmon polaritons, providing a sensitive detection. In nanohole arrays, the optical resonances are typically determined by the inter-hole distance or periodicity with respect to the surface plasmon wavelength. However, for short-range ordered (SRO) arrays, the inter-hole distance varies locally, so the plasmon resonance changes. In this study, we investigate the local resonance of SRO nanoholes using a cathodoluminescence technique and compare it with hexagonally ordered nanoholes. The cathodoluminescence photon maps and resonance peak analysis reveal that the electric fields are confined at the edges of holes and that their resonances are determined by inter-hole distances as well as by their distributions. This demonstrates the Anderson localization of the electromagnetic waves showing locally enhanced electromagnetic local density of states in SRO nanoholes.
Field localization of hexagonal and short-range ordered plasmonic nanoholes investigated by cathodoluminescence
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Emerging Directions in Plasmonics.
Dung Vu Thi, Takazumi Ohno, Naoki Yamamoto, Takumi Sannomiya; Field localization of hexagonal and short-range ordered plasmonic nanoholes investigated by cathodoluminescence. J. Chem. Phys. 21 February 2020; 152 (7): 074707. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5131698
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