The adsorption, desorption, and decomposition of formic acid (HCOOH) on Cu(111), Cu(997), Zn-Cu(111), and Zn-Cu(997) were systematically studied by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, temperature programmed desorption, and infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy. On the clean Cu(111) surface, 13% of formic acid molecules adsorbed at 83 K were dissociated to form bidentate formate species by heating at 300 K; however, on the Zn-Cu(111) surface, only 4% of adsorbed HCOOH molecules were dissociated into the bidentate formate species. On the contrary, 13% of adsorbed HCOOH molecules were already dissociated into monodentate formate species on Cu(997) even at 83 K and 17% of adsorbed formic acid molecules were transformed to bidentate formate species by heating at 300 K, indicating that the stepped Cu surface has higher reactivity for HCOOH dissociation at low temperature. On the Zn-Cu(997) surface, 20% of formic acid became bidentate formate species in contrast to the case with Zn-Cu(111). Thus, the Zn deposited Cu step surface shows special activity for adsorption and dissociation of formic acid. The desorption peak maxima of the formate decomposition products (CO2 and H2) on Zn-Cu(997) were shifted to higher temperatures than those on Cu(997). Zn on Cu surfaces plays an important role in the stabilization of formate species, which probably leads to the decrease in the activation barrier for hydrogenation on the Zn-Cu alloyed surface.
The roles of step-site and zinc in surface chemistry of formic acid on clean and Zn-modified Cu(111) and Cu(997) surfaces studied by HR-XPS, TPD, and IRAS
Present address: Yamanashi Prefectural Industrial Technology Center, 2094 Otsu-machi, Kofu, Yamanashi 400-0055, Japan.
Present addresses: Department of Materials Molecular Science, Institute for Molecular Science, Myodaiji-cho, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8585, Japan and Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology (PRESTO), 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan.
Yuichiro Shiozawa, Takanori Koitaya, Kozo Mukai, Shinya Yoshimoto, Jun Yoshinobu; The roles of step-site and zinc in surface chemistry of formic acid on clean and Zn-modified Cu(111) and Cu(997) surfaces studied by HR-XPS, TPD, and IRAS. J. Chem. Phys. 31 January 2020; 152 (4): 044703. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5132979
Download citation file: