For a nanostructure sitting on top of an AlGaN:Er3+ thin film, a new thermal imaging technique is presented where dual cameras collect bandpass filtered videos from the H and S bands of Er3+ emission. We combine this thermal imaging technique with our newly developed time-resolved temperature measurement technique which relies on luminescence thermometry using Er3+ emission. This technique collects time-resolved traces from the H and S bands of Er3+ emission. The H and S signal traces are then used to reconstruct the time-resolved temperature transient when a nanostructure is illuminated with a pulsed 532 nm light. Two different types of samples are interrogated with these techniques (drop-casted gold nanosphere cluster and lithographically prepared gold nanodot) on the AlGaN:Er3+ film. Steady-state and time-resolved temperature data are collected when the samples are immersed in air and water. The results of time-resolved temperature-jump measurements from a cluster of gold nanospheres show extremely slow heat transfer when the cluster is immersed in water and nearly 200-fold increase when immersed in air. The low thermal diffusivity for the cluster in water suggests poor thermal contact between the cluster and the thermal bath. The lithographically prepared nanodot has much better adhesion to the AlGaN film, resulting in much higher thermal diffusivity in both air and water. This proof-of-concept demonstration opens a new way to measure the dynamics of the local heat generation and dissipation at the nanoparticle-media interface.
Time-resolved temperature-jump measurements and steady-state thermal imaging of nanoscale heat transfer of gold nanostructures on AlGaN:Er3+ thin films
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Emerging Directions in Plasmonics.
Kristina Shrestha, Juvinch R. Vicente, Ali Rafiei Miandashti, Jixin Chen, Hugh H. Richardson; Time-resolved temperature-jump measurements and steady-state thermal imaging of nanoscale heat transfer of gold nanostructures on AlGaN:Er3+ thin films. J. Chem. Phys. 21 January 2020; 152 (3): 034706. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5133844
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