We present a combined equation of motion coupled-cluster cumulant Green’s function approach for calculating and understanding intrinsic inelastic losses in core level x-ray absorption spectra (XAS) and x-ray photoemission spectra. The method is based on a factorization of the transition amplitude in the time domain, which leads to a convolution of an effective one-body absorption spectrum and the core-hole spectral function. The spectral function characterizes intrinsic losses in terms of shake-up excitations and satellites using a cumulant representation of the core-hole Green’s function that simplifies the interpretation. The one-body spectrum also includes orthogonality corrections that enhance the XAS at the edge.

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