Metal halide perovskite shelled quantum dot solids have recently emerged as an interesting class of solution-processable materials that possess the desirable electronic properties of both quantum dots and perovskites. Recent reports have shown that lead sulfide quantum dots (PbS QDs) with perovskite ligand-shells can be successfully utilized in (opto)electronic devices such as solar cells, photoconductors, and field-effect transistors (FETs), a development attributed to the compatibility of lattice parameters between PbS and certain metal halide perovskites that results in the growth of the perovskite shell on the PbS QDs. Of several possible perovskite combinations used with PbS QDs, bismuth-based variants have been shown to have the lowest lattice mismatch and to display excellent performance in photoconductors. However, they also display photoluminescence (PL), which is highly sensitive to surface defects. In this work, we present an investigation of the transport and optical properties of two types of bismuth-based perovskite (MA3BiI6 and MA3Bi2I9) shelled PbS QDs. Our photophysical study using temperature-dependent PL spectroscopy between 5 and 290 K indicates that the PL efficiency of the reference oleic acid (OA) capped samples is much higher than that of the Bi-shelled ones, which suffer from traps, most likely formed at their surfaces during the phase-transfer ligand exchange process. Nevertheless, the results from electrical measurements on FETs show the successful removal of the native-OA ligands, displaying electron dominated transport with modest mobilities of around 10−3 cm2 [V s]−1 – comparable to the reported values for epitaxial Pb-based shelled samples. These findings advance our understanding of perovskite shelled QD-solids and point to the utility of these Bi-based variants as contenders for photovoltaic and other optoelectronic applications.
Photophysical and electronic properties of bismuth-perovskite shelled lead sulfide quantum dots
Note: This paper is part of the JCP Special Topic on Colloidal Quantum Dots.
Mustapha Abdu-Aguye, Dmytro Bederak, Simon Kahmann, Niall Killilea, Mykhailo Sytnyk, Wolfgang Heiss, Maria Antonietta Loi; Photophysical and electronic properties of bismuth-perovskite shelled lead sulfide quantum dots. J. Chem. Phys. 7 December 2019; 151 (21): 214702. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5128885
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