Several recent electron spin resonance studies have observed a quintet multiexciton state during the singlet fission process. Here, we provide a general theoretical explanation for the generation of this state by invoking a time-varying exchange coupling between pairs of triplet excitons and subsequently solving the relevant time-varying spin Hamiltonian for different rates at which the exchange coupling varies. We simulate experimental ESR spectra and draw qualitative conclusions about the adiabatic and diabatic transitions between triplet pair spin states.
Fluctuating exchange interactions enable quintet multiexciton formation in singlet fission
Miles I. Collins, Dane R. McCamey, Murad J. Y. Tayebjee; Fluctuating exchange interactions enable quintet multiexciton formation in singlet fission. J. Chem. Phys. 28 October 2019; 151 (16): 164104. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5115816
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