CsPbI3 perovskite nanocrystals are a promising optoelectronic material when stabilized in their cubic phase. While ongoing efforts have addressed this structural challenge through a variety of meta-stabilization approaches, the postsynthesis purification of these nanocrystal dispersions has remained a challenge. In this article, we undertake a detailed investigation into the chemical, optical, and structural changes that arise during purification of CsPbI3 nanocrystals. It is found that nanocrystal degradation can only be avoided through the judicious control of additives within each purification cycle. Under optimized additive-to-nanocrystal ratios, multiple purification cycles can be readily achieved, while retaining the quality and phase stability of the CsPbI3. This facile purification protocol ensures the preparation of high purity and high quality CsPbI3 nanocrystal inks that are suitable for better characterization or integration in optoelectronic devices. The approach has been generalized for CsPbX3 (X = Cl−, Br−, and I−).
Unfortunately, as other OLA containing species, such as OLA-DPA ion pairs, are also present in solution in unknown quantities, it is not possible to quantitatively determine the ratio of free vs bound ligand species in solution.