Using phase-sensitive sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy with a carefully chosen phase reference, we revisited the vibrational spectra of vapor/water interfaces of neat H2O and D2O as well as HDO in diluted isotopic mixtures. Using z-cut quartz as the phase reference, with proper frequency scaling, the gross features of the OH and OD stretching spectra from H2O and D2O and from HDO in two isotopic mixtures look similar and agree with those reported earlier, but differences are also apparent. In particular, a weak positive band at low frequencies, which has been asserted by molecular dynamic simulations but not detectable in the experimental OH spectrum with pure H2O, is now visible in the OD spectrum. The differences must arise from the change of intermolecular interaction of water molecules with their surrounding molecules upon exchange of the isotopes.
Phase-sensitive sum frequency vibrational spectroscopic study of air/water interfaces: H2O, D2O, and diluted isotopic mixtures
Note: This article is part of the Special Topic “Nonlinear Spectroscopy and Interfacial Structure and Dynamics” in J. Chem. Phys.
Xiaofan Xu, Y. Ron Shen, Chuanshan Tian; Phase-sensitive sum frequency vibrational spectroscopic study of air/water interfaces: H2O, D2O, and diluted isotopic mixtures. J. Chem. Phys. 14 April 2019; 150 (14): 144701. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5081135
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