The equilibrium and dynamic solvation responses of coumarin 153 (C153) in a range of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) based on choline chloride with either urea (molar ratio 1:2, ChCl:U), glycerol (1:2, ChCl:G), ethylene glycol (1:2, ChCl:E), or malonic acid (1:1, ChCl:Mal) were investigated using both steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence emission spectroscopy at room temperature (298 K). From steady-state fluorescence data, “red-edge effects” were observed in all the DESs studied, attributed to spatial heterogeneity of the DES matrix. Time-resolved Stokes shifts were used to quantify dynamic solvation with the solvation response function in DES found to be a biexponential function of time, which were used to obtain average solvation times (⟨τs⟩) which are generally faster in DES than in ionic liquids of comparable viscosity. Average solvation times showed a partial correlation with viscosity between different DESs. The choline chloride-glycerol DES showed deviation from the viscosity trend observed in the other DES for both dynamic and steady-state results. Rotational reorientation times obtained from dynamic anisotropy (r(t)) measured for these DESs showed a partial correlation with viscosity between different DESs. Determination of the DES rotational coupling with C153 showed more “slip”-like behavior than the previously reported ionic liquids and dipolar solvents.
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Research Article| November 07 2018
Rotation and translation dynamics of coumarin 153 in choline chloride-based deep eutectic solvents
Adam H. Turner ;
Adam H. Turner, Doseok Kim; Rotation and translation dynamics of coumarin 153 in choline chloride-based deep eutectic solvents. J. Chem. Phys. 7 November 2018; 149 (17): 174503. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5038067
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