We simulate the nonequilibrium ensemble dynamics of a biomolecule using the weighted ensemble method, which was introduced in molecular dynamics simulations by Huber and Kim and further developed by Zuckerman and co-workers. As the order parameters to characterize its conformational change, we here use the coordinates derived from the diffusion map (DM) method, one of the manifold learning techniques. As a concrete example, we study the kinetic properties of a small peptide, chignolin in explicit water, and calculate the conformational change between the folded and misfolded states in a nonequilibrium way. We find that the transition time scales thus obtained are comparable to those using previously employed hydrogen-bond distances as the order parameters. Since the DM method only uses the 3D Cartesian coordinates of a peptide, this shows that the DM method can extract the important distance information of the peptide without relying on chemical intuition. The time scales are compared well with the previous results using different techniques, non-Markovian analysis and core-set milestoning for a single long trajectory. We also find that the most significant DM coordinate turns out to extract a dihedral angle of glycine, and the previously studied relaxation modes are well correlated with the most significant DM coordinates.
Conformational change of a biomolecule studied by the weighted ensemble method: Use of the diffusion map method to extract reaction coordinates
Note: This article was intended as part of the Special Topic “Enhanced Sampling for Molecular Systems” in Issue 7 of Volume 149 of J. Chem. Phys.
Hiroshi Fujisaki, Kei Moritsugu, Ayori Mitsutake, Hiromichi Suetani; Conformational change of a biomolecule studied by the weighted ensemble method: Use of the diffusion map method to extract reaction coordinates. J. Chem. Phys. 7 October 2018; 149 (13): 134112. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5049420
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