A polarizable water model is presented which has been calibrated against experimental THz and Raman spectra of bulk water. These low-frequency spectra directly probe the dynamics, and thereby intermolecular interactions, on time scales relevant to molecular motions. The model is based on the TL4P force field developed recently by Tavan and co-workers [J. Phys. Chem. B 117, 9486 (2013)], which has been designed to be transferable between different environments; in particular, to correctly describe the electrostatic properties of both the isolated water molecule in the gas-phase and the liquid water at ambient conditions. Following this design philosophy, TL4P was amended with charge transfer across hydrogen-bonded dimers as well as an anisotropic polarizability in order to correctly reproduce the THz and Raman spectra. The thermodynamic and structural properties of the new model are of equal quality as those of TL4P, and at the same time, an almost quantitative agreement with the spectroscopic data could be achieved. Since TL4P is a rigid model with a single polarizable site, it is computationally very efficient, while the numerical overhead for the addition of charge transfer and the anisotropic polarizability is minor. Overall, the model is expected to be well suited for, e.g., large scale simulations of 2D-Raman-THz spectra or biomolecular simulations.
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Research Article| June 25 2018
An efficient water force field calibrated against intermolecular THz and Raman spectra
Markus Meuwly ;
David Sidler, Markus Meuwly, Peter Hamm; An efficient water force field calibrated against intermolecular THz and Raman spectra. J. Chem. Phys. 28 June 2018; 148 (24): 244504. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5037062
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