Recently, single-molecule manipulation techniques in micro- and nanofluidic channels have attracted significant attention. To precisely control the transport velocity, the dynamics of the surrounding liquid must be understood in addition to the behavior of the target particles. Some unknowns about interactions between electrolyte ions and solvents remain to be clarified from a microscopic viewpoint. Herein, we propose a technique to generate a liquid flow driven by ion transport phenomena, the so-called electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow, where electrolyte ions are dialyzed using a cation-exchange membrane. With this method, it is possible to apply an electric body force in liquids, which is different from electroosmotic flows that are limited to ion transport in electric double layers, and is expected to be a good candidate for detailed control of liquid flows in micro- and nanofluidic channels. To collect basic design data based on the knowledge of microscopic fluid dynamics of the present technique, a mathematical model of an EHD flow dragged by electrical carriers in an ionic current is developed and results are compared with experimental data. In our experiments, EHD flows are efficiently driven by applied electric fields in a cation dominant current. To induce such an EHD flow, the externally applied electric potential can be drastically reduced to 2.0 V in comparison with previous methods because we do not need an excessively high voltage to inject electrical charges into liquids. This method enables us to induce EHD flows in aqueous solutions and is expected to open the door to low-voltage driven liquid flow control.
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Research Article| May 31 2018
Cation-induced electrohydrodynamic flow in aqueous solutions
Kentaro Doi ;
Kentaro Doi, Fumika Nito, Satoyuki Kawano; Cation-induced electrohydrodynamic flow in aqueous solutions. J. Chem. Phys. 28 May 2018; 148 (20): 204512. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5006309
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