In this work, the dependence of the morphology and stability of the extended solid of carbon monoxide (CO) is correlated to the rate of transformation from the molecular CO to extended solid of CO using optical imaging, photoluminescence, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The analyses show the rate and pressure of the transformation to be strongly controlled by catalytic effects, both chemical and optical. In a larger volume per reaction area, the transformation was found to require either a longer time at an elevated pressure or a higher pressure compared to a sample synthesized in a smaller volume per reaction area, leading to the conclusion that the transformation rate is slower for a sample in a larger volume per reaction area. A faster rate of transformation was also noted when the reaction area of a CO sample was catalyzed with H2SO4. Through variation of the volume per reaction area, pressure or the addition of catalysts, it was possible to control the rate of the phase transition and therefore the morphology. In general, the extended solid of CO synthesized with a faster rate showed a more ordered structure and increased metastability relative to the material formed with a slower compression rate.

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