The augmented potential introduced by Levy and Zahariev [Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 113002 (2014)] is shifted with respect to the standard exchange-correlation potential of the Kohn-Sham density functional theory by a density-dependent constant that makes the total energy become equal to the sum of the occupied orbital energies. In this work, we analyze several features of this approach, focusing on the limit of infinite coupling strength and studying the shift and the corresponding energy density at different correlation regimes. We present and discuss coordinate scaling properties of the augmented potential, study its connection to the response potential, and use the shift to analyze the classical jellium and uniform gas models. We also study other definitions of the energy densities in relation to the functional construction by local interpolations along the adiabatic connection. Our findings indicate that the energy density that is defined in terms of the electrostatic potential of the exchange-correlation hole is particularly well suited for this purpose.
Augmented potential, energy densities, and virial relations in the weak- and strong-interaction limits of DFT
Stefan Vuckovic, Mel Levy, Paola Gori-Giorgi; Augmented potential, energy densities, and virial relations in the weak- and strong-interaction limits of DFT. J. Chem. Phys. 7 December 2017; 147 (21): 214107. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4997311
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