We present experimental and simulated 2D IR spectra of some high-pressure forms of isotope-pure D2O ice and compare the results to those of ice Ih published previously [F. Perakis and P. Hamm, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 6250 (2012); L. Shi et al., ibid. 18, 3772 (2016)]. Ice II, ice V, and ice XIII have been chosen for this study, since this selection covers many aspects of the polymorphism of ice. That is, ice II is a hydrogen-ordered phase of ice, in contrast to ice Ih, while ice V and ice XIII are a hydrogen-disordered/ordered couple that shares essentially the same oxygen structure and hydrogen-bonded network. For the transmission 2D IR spectroscopy, a novel method had to be developed for the preparation of ultrathin films (1-2 μm) of high-pressure ices with good optical quality. We also simulated 2D IR spectra based on molecular dynamics simulations connected to a vibrational exciton picture. These simulations agree with the experimental results in a semi-quantitative manner for ice II, while the same approach failed for ice V and ice XIII. From the perspective of 2D IR spectroscopy, ice II appears to be more inhomogeneously broadened than ice Ih, despite its hydrogen-order, which we attribute to the fact that ice II is structurally more complex with four distinguishable hydrogen bonds that mix due to exciton coupling. Ice V and ice XIII, on the other hand, behave as expected with the hydrogen-disordered case (ice V) being more inhomogenously broadened. Furthermore, in all hydrogen-ordered forms (ice II and ice XIII), cross peaks could be identified in the anisotropic 2D IR spectrum, whose signs reveal the relative direction of the corresponding excitonic states.
2D IR spectroscopy of high-pressure phases of ice
Halina Tran, Ana V. Cunha, Jacob J. Shephard, Andrey Shalit, Peter Hamm, Thomas L. C. Jansen, Christoph G. Salzmann; 2D IR spectroscopy of high-pressure phases of ice. J. Chem. Phys. 14 October 2017; 147 (14): 144501. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4993952
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