The spin-restricted ensemble-referenced Kohn-Sham (REKS) method is based on an ensemble representation of the density and is capable of correctly describing the non-dynamic electron correlation stemming from (near-)degeneracy of several electronic configurations. The existing REKS methodology describes systems with two electrons in two fractionally occupied orbitals. In this work, the REKS methodology is extended to treat systems with four fractionally occupied orbitals accommodating four electrons and self-consistent implementation of the REKS(4,4) method with simultaneous optimization of the orbitals and their fractional occupation numbers is reported. The new method is applied to a number of molecular systems where simultaneous dissociation of several chemical bonds takes place, as well as to the singlet ground states of organic tetraradicals 2,4-didehydrometaxylylene and 1,4,6,9-spiro[4.4]nonatetrayl.
Self-consistent implementation of ensemble density functional theory method for multiple strongly correlated electron pairs
Michael Filatov, Fang Liu, Kwang S. Kim, Todd J. Martínez; Self-consistent implementation of ensemble density functional theory method for multiple strongly correlated electron pairs. J. Chem. Phys. 28 December 2016; 145 (24): 244104. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4972174
Download citation file: