Accurately modeling surface temperature and surface motion effects is necessary to study molecule-surface reactions in which the energy dissipation to surface phonons can largely affect the observables of interest. We present here a critical comparison of two methods that allow to model such effects, namely, the ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) method and the generalized Langevin oscillator (GLO) model, using the dissociation of N2 on W(110) as a benchmark. AIMD is highly accurate as the surface atoms are explicitly part of the dynamics, but this advantage comes with a large computational cost. The GLO model is much more computationally convenient, but accounts for lattice motion effects in a very approximate way. Results show that, despite its simplicity, the GLO model is able to capture the physics of the system to a large extent, returning dissociation probabilities which are in better agreement with AIMD than static-surface results. Furthermore, the GLO model and the AIMD method predict very similar energy transfer to the lattice degrees of freedom in the non-reactive events, and similar dissociation dynamics.
Modeling surface motion effects in N2 dissociation on W(110): Ab initio molecular dynamics calculations and generalized Langevin oscillator model
Francesco Nattino, Oihana Galparsoro, Francesca Costanzo, Ricardo Díez Muiño, Maite Alducin, Geert-Jan Kroes; Modeling surface motion effects in N2 dissociation on W(110): Ab initio molecular dynamics calculations and generalized Langevin oscillator model. J. Chem. Phys. 28 June 2016; 144 (24): 244708. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4954773
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