The use of broken-symmetry electronic structure methods is required in order to obtain correct behavior of electronically strained open-shell systems, such as transition states, biradicals, and transition metals. This approach often has issues with spin contamination, which can lead to significant errors in predicted energies, geometries, and properties. Approximate projection schemes are able to correct for spin contamination and can often yield improved results. To fully make use of these methods and to carry out exploration of the potential energy surface, it is desirable to develop an efficient second energy derivative theory. In this paper, we formulate the analytical second derivatives for the Yamaguchi approximate projection scheme, building on recent work that has yielded an efficient implementation of the analytical first derivatives.
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Research Article| February 05 2015
Second derivatives for approximate spin projection methods
Lee M. Thompson;
Lee M. Thompson, Hrant P. Hratchian; Second derivatives for approximate spin projection methods. J. Chem. Phys. 7 February 2015; 142 (5): 054106. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4907269
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