The phase behavior of a two-dimensional square-well model of width 1.5σ, with emphasis on the low-temperature and/or high-density region, is studied using Monte Carlo simulation in the canonical and isothermal-isobaric ensembles, and discontinuous molecular-dynamics simulation in the canonical ensemble. Several properties, such as equations of state, Binder cumulant, order parameters, and correlation functions, were computed. Numerical evidence for vapor, liquid, hexatic, and triangular solid is given, and, in addition, a non-compact solid with square-lattice symmetry is obtained. The global phase diagram is traced out in detail (or sketched approximately whenever only inaccurate information could be obtained). The solid region of the phase diagram is explained using a simple mean-field model.
Phase diagram of a square-well model in two dimensions
Julio C. Armas-Pérez, Jacqueline Quintana-H, Gustavo A. Chapela, Enrique Velasco, Guillermo Navascués; Phase diagram of a square-well model in two dimensions. J. Chem. Phys. 14 February 2014; 140 (6): 064503. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4863993
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