The photodissociation of CS2 has been investigated using velocity-map ion imaging of the S(1D2) atomic photofragments following excitation at 193  nm and at longer wavelengths close to the S(1D2) channel threshold. The experiments probe regions both above and below the energetic barrier to linearity on the

$^{1}\Sigma _{u}^{+}(^{1}B_{2})$
Σu+1(B21) potential energy surface. The imaging data in both regions indicate that the electronic angular momentum of the S(1D2) atom products is unpolarized, but also reveal different dissociation dynamics in the two regions. Excitation above the barrier to linearity yields an inverted CS(1Σ+) vibrational population distribution, whereas the long-wavelength state-to-state results following excitation below the barrier reveal CS(1Σ+)(v, J) coproduct state distributions which are consistent with a statistical partitioning of the energy. Below the barrier, photofragment excitation spectra point to an enhancement of the singlet channel for K = 1, relative to K = 0, where K is the projection of the angular momentum along the principal axis, in agreement with previous work. However, the CS cofragment product state distributions are found to be insensitive to K. It is proposed that dissociation below the barrier to linearity occurs primarily on a surface with a significant potential energy well and without an exit channel barrier, such as that for the ground electronic state. However, oscillatory structure is also observed in the kinetic energy release distributions, which is shown to be consistent with a mapping of parent molecule bending motion. This could indicate the operation of competing direct and indirect dissociation mechanisms below the barrier to linearity.

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