We utilize two-color two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy to measure the intermolecular coupling between azide ions and their surrounding water molecules in order to gain information about the nature of hydrogen bonding of water to ions. Our findings indicate that the main spectral contribution to the intermolecular cross-peak comes from population transfer between the asymmetric stretch vibration of azide and the OD-stretch vibration of D2O. The azide-bound D2O bleach/stimulated emission signal, which is spectrally much narrower than its linear absorption spectrum, shows that the experiment is selective to solvation shell water molecules for population times up to ∼500 fs. The waters around the ion are present in an electrostatically better defined environment. Afterwards, ∼1 ps, the sample thermalizes and selectivity is lost. On the other hand, the excited state absorption signal of the azide-bound D2O is much broader. The asymmetry in spectral width between bleach/stimulated emission versus excited absorption has been observed in very much the same way for isotope-diluted ice Ih, where it has been attributed to the anharmonicity of the OD potential.
Azide–water intermolecular coupling measured by two-color two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy
Joanna Borek, Fivos Perakis, Felix Kläsi, Sean Garrett-Roe, Peter Hamm; Azide–water intermolecular coupling measured by two-color two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy. J. Chem. Phys. 14 June 2012; 136 (22): 224503. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4726407
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