The electronic excited states and electronic absorption spectra of annulated dinuclear free-base phthalocyanine (C58H30N16) are studied through quantum chemical calculations using the symmetry-adapted cluster-configuration interaction (SAC-CI) method. Three tautomers are possible with respect to the position of the pyrrole protons; therefore, the SAC-CI calculations for these tautomers were performed. The structures of the Q-band states are discussed based on the character of their molecular orbitals. The lower energy shift of the Q-bands because of dimerization is explained by the decrease in the HOMO–LUMO gaps resulting from the bonding and antibonding interactions between the monomer units. The electronic dipole moments of the nonsymmetric tautomer were calculated, and the possibility of charge-separated excited states is discussed. The relative energies of these tautomers are examined using density functional theory (DFT) calculations for several peripheral substituents. The relative energies of these tautomers significantly depend on the substituents, and therefore, the abundance ratios of the three tautomers were affected by the substituents. The absorption spectra were simulated from the SAC-CI results weighted by the Boltzmann factors obtained from the DFT calculations. The SAC-CI spectra reproduce the experimental findings well. The thermal-averaged SAC-CI spectra could explain the observed substituent effect on the structure of the Q-bands in terms of the relative stabilities and the abundance ratios of the tautomers. The SAC-CI and time-dependent density functional theory calculations are also compared. The CAM-B3LYP results agreed with the trends of the SAC-CI results; however, the CAM-B3LYP calculation overestimated the excitation energies in comparison with the SAC-CI and experimental results.
Excited states and electronic spectra of annulated dinuclear free-base phthalocyanines: A theoretical study on near-infrared-absorbing dyes
Ryoichi Fukuda, Masahiro Ehara; Excited states and electronic spectra of annulated dinuclear free-base phthalocyanines: A theoretical study on near-infrared-absorbing dyes. J. Chem. Phys. 21 March 2012; 136 (11): 114304. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3692964
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